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About the City
     Legnica is one of the oldest cities in the region and the third largest one in the Lower Silesia Area. Currently it is inhabited by over 104000 citizens. Legnica constitutes a large economic centre and important state and regional cultural and academic centre. The city was the capital of the Legnica Province from 1st June 1975 to 31st December 1998. At present it is a seat of Town Administration Authorities (powiat grodzki) and District Administration Authorities (powiat ziemski), as well as Diocese of the Roman-catholic church.

         The city is located in a place where the rivers Kaczawa and Czarna Woda fork, in the border zone between the Sudetes Foothills and the Silesian Lowland, 113-168 m above see level. Its climate is considered to be the warmest in Poland – average annual temperature is over 8.5oC, and the quantity of rainfall is about 577 mm. The city enjoys the greatest number of sunny days in a year and one of the longest vegetation seasons in comparison with other places in the country.
         Its favourable location in the mid of the Lower Silesia Area – at the intersection of European traffic routes - is of essential meaning for its economic and tourist development. Also the close vicinity of Germany and the Czech Republic is of great importance. Legnica lies on historic routes like the route of Cistercians’ migrations, and the trade-pilgrimage route – Via Regia – running from Portugal to Ukraine. Also today the city is a very important traffic junction: A-4 motorway (East – West), national road No. 3 (North – South), and the railway line from Wrocław to Dresden.
         Legnica, Liegnitz, Lignica – these names mean the same town for centuries steeped in history connected with traditions of various nations and cultures. The town was under the rule of the Piast Dynasty for over 500 years – it is here where the dynasty of kings of Poland reined the longest. As the whole region, in its history Legnica passed to the rule of the Czech Crown, the Habsburg Dynasty, Prussia, and Germany. The town suffered strongly from bloody battles of the Thirty Years’ War. It was Legnica where great battles that determined the history of Europe, were fought. The first battle - with the Mongols in 1241 who that time advanced the furthest to the West in their invasion of Europe. Other battles – in 1760 when the Prussian army of Frederic II defeated Austrian troops and in 1813 when the army of the anti-Napoleon Prussian – Russian coalition commanded by Marshal Blücher conquered the Napoleon’s army.
         The rich history of the city is best illustrated by architectural monuments commencing with a medieval castle of the Piast Dynasty, a cathedral, a church under the invocation of Virgin Mary, through Baroque churches and a great urban development of the Knights’ Academy, to Secession villas in the Tarninów quarter.
         The modern history of Legnica is featured by a nearly 50-year period of domination of the city by the Soviet forces and upon division of the Soviet Union – by the Russian Federation Forces. In the years 1945 – 1993, a huge Soviet garrison was stationed in Legnica and the headquarters of the so-called Northern Group of Forces had their seat here. It was Legnica where strategic decisions concerning the safety of Europe and the world were made. The Soviet army started their invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 from here. The city had no real sovereignty for half a century. Decisions of the municipal authorities had to be consulted with Soviet commanders. The city was able to manage the enormous amount of property left by Soviets in the 15 years of the last Soviet soldier leaving Legnica (on 16 September 1993). The residential Tarninów quarter was opened, numerous residential estates (in caserns buildings) and public utilities were established. Legnica was returned one third of its area. Legnica was called “Little Moscow” during the last half of the century. There occurred a special kind of co- existence of two nations in one place – forced by politics and history. Wounds had scared over and only the memory and the “Little Moscow” legend remained. They became the essence of a film directed by Waldemar Krzystek awarded Golden Lions at the Film Festival in Gdynia.
         Legnica is a city full of greenery and natural monuments with a park that is over 100 years old – a city that was called a Town of Plane-Trees and Gardens already in the 19th century. The tradition of the city aimed at preserving naturethe natural resources protection is still cultivated, and care of the natural environment resulted in Legnica being awarded the title of the Commune Friendly to the Environment, the Leader and Patron of Polish Ecology, and granted the European Ecological Award.
         Legnica is a large cultural and artistic centre of the Lower Silesia Area. In operation there are: H. Modrzejewska Theatre winning awards in the country and abroad, Museum of Copper, Gallery of Arts specializing in silver works of art, Legnica Culture Centre, Legnica Symphonic Orchestra, and many others. Legnica is famous for curious and unique all-Polish and international events like: “Satyrykon-Legnica” post-competition exhibition, Legnica Festival of Silver, “Legnica Cantat” All-Polish Competition of Choirs, “Pod Kyczerą” National and Ethnic Minorities’ Meetings, Legnica Organ Evenings, “Young Paganini” All-Polish Violin Competition.
         Legnica is bonded by partner agreements with Wuppertal, Germany, Drogobych, Ukraine, Blansko, the Czech Republic, and Roanne, France. It is also involved in cooperation of Lower Silesia and Saxony, Alsace, the region of Dnepropetrovsk and Kirovograd in Ukraine. Those actions were appreciated highly by the Council of Europe which awarded the city a Diploma of Honour, a Flag, and a Plate of Honour.
         Apart from partnership within culture, sports, and education, Legnica looks for foreign businesses to carry out economic cooperation as well.
         Legnica is a modern municipal centre featuring a good technical infrastructure friendly to inhabitants and businesses, a well-educated young working staff. The city has experienced a dynamic development in recent years. Apart from textile and copper processing industries, new industry branches, among others connected with motor and building industries, were established.
         In view of a development of businesses and a creation of new work-places the Legnica Special Economic Zone was established in 1997. A good location of the area designed for new investments and qualified workers to be employed caused a great interest of foreign and domestic entrepreneurs. Now 15 companies which represent international capitals and employ 3500 persons, run their businesses in the Legnica Sub-zone.
         The investment action is contributed actively by the city self-government in a form of, among others, restoration of architectural monuments (Knights’ Academy, “herring” merchants’ tenement-houses, the Scholz’s tenement-house with sgraffito decorations), construction of the western by-pass, sports complexes by schools, or modernization of the town stadium. The last project is connected with preparation of the region for the 2012 UEFA European Football Championship. Many strategic investment projects (the last section of the western by-pass, renovation of NMP street [our Lady street], construction of the southern by-pass) were completed by means of European structural funds.
         The self-government of Legnica started to perform a project of restoration to the former splendour of the old city. The first stage – completed in 2006 – was modernization of the ancient main trade route running through the city – currently known as NMP street [Our Lady]. This year another stage started the long awaited renovation of the surface of the old town and adjacent areas.
         Now the city is a great building site. There are erected shopping centres (galleries) of which architecture turns back to the historical urban development, developer’s residential estates, and residential tenement houses with selected commercial rooms that match the urban development structure of the Old Town. The investors are both Polish and foreign partners of the city self-government, including the Legnica investment capital of which contribution is significant.
         Legnica is a city of the great potential with bold plans for the future. The ever increasing growing investment, business and cultural offers make the city one of the most important centres on the map of Lower Silesia.

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